The term "underlying disease" might be worrisome to some people. Well, it's described as diseases or medical conditions, which place people at risk of other infectious diseases.
Underlying diseases such as asthma, diabetes, kidney disease, liver disease, severe respiratory problems, HIV, and cancers affect your immune system. The conditions listed above increase your risks of exposure to infectious diseases, and also reduce the efficacy of medications or drugs administered for the treatment of acute illnesses such as COVID-19.
*Who is at a higher risk of these underlying conditions?*
1. people who are obese
2. The older adults
3. Undernourished individuals
*What do you do to prevent developing these underlying medical conditions? *
A. Eat healthy food
B. Breastfeed your baby well as a lactating mother- Do not wean your baby until 6 months and continue to breastfeed alongside complementary feeding until he/she is 2 years.
C. The period of rapid growth in a child is between 6 months to 5 years; therefore, feed your child well at this critical stage of development to prevent undernutrition
D. Prevent childhood obesity. There is evidence that children who are obese are more likely to develop heart related diseases in adulthood.
E. Do not smoke-smokers are liable to die young
F. Exercise- Exercising is good for the body. After consuming food, a sedentary lifestyle increases the accumulation of fats in the liver, which elevates triglycerides during metabolic activities in the body as a result of food digestion.
G. At a certain age, your muscle mass decreases, and you are at risk of micronutrients deficiencies. Take supplements or eat good food to sustain the nutrients needed for. the proper functioning of the body system.